Learn or review GRAMMAR about Present perfect simple and continuous, at B2 Upper-Intermediate level of English, with our free and interactive online exercises.
We form the passive using be + past participle.
|Present Simple||They make a lot of films in Bollywood.||A lot of films are made in Bollywood.|
|Present Continuous||The scriptwriters are writing a new script this month.||A new script is being written this month.|
|Present Perfect||The company has sold the film rights for £10 million.||The film rights have been sold for £10 million.|
|Past Continuous||There was an accident while they were filming the action scene.||There was an accident while the action scene was being filmed.|
|Future||Disney will make a film based on the book.||A film will be made based on the book.|
|Past Simple||Brad Pitt produced the film The Departed.||The film The Departed was produced by Brad Pitt.|
|Modal verbs||HBO should make a new drama film.||A new drama film should be made by HBO.|
We use passive verb forms:
• when the main thing we are talking about is the object of the verb.
A film will be made from the book.
The film should be done by an experienced director. (We are talking about the film, not the director.)
• when the agent (also called the doer) isn’t important.
The book has been made into a movie. (We don’t care about the company who made the movie.)
• when the agent (the doer) is obvious.
A new drama is being filmed this year. (by a film director)
• when we don’t know who did something or what caused something.
The Hobbit story was filmed in 3 parts.
Negatives and questions are made in the same way as other
uses of be:
Good films aren’t made here.
Is a scene being shot today?
We use by to introduce the person or thing that did the action (the agent/doer):
This action scene was done by a stunt double, not the real actor.
We usually use with to introduce a tool, instrument or technique that was used by the agent:
Some of Star Wars characters were made with puppets.
We can say something was made by hand or by machine:
The costumes for the film were made by hand in Spain.
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